You say not to use choke collars or retractable leashes . . . why not?
We prefer to train using the collar the dog will wear most of his life. It is possible for choke, prong or electronic collars to do harm to your pet (both physically and mentally) and we do not recommend using them at any time. It is much better for your dog to be trained using motivational methods rather than “punishing” for undesired behaviors. We also do not recommend retractable leashes which encourage your pet to pull.